Clothes are made from different materials and fabrics to achieve the designs intended for them. As they have different material compositions, they also require different wash and care processes to keep them in good condition. Though most clothes can be cleaned with water and detergent, it is best to find out the ideal ways to care for them, so you could avoid damaging them and ensure their quality will be retained for a long time.


Below is a compilation of the basic wash and care guides for the most common fabric types:

  • Cotton – Cotton fabrics are the easiest to care for. You can simply load cotton clothes into a washing machine, and clean them with cold or warm water, plus a detergent powder. Dry them under the sun, or hang and line them up nicely indoors. Experts say cotton is “pre-shrunk,” so damaging their natural composition is next to impossible.
  • Wool – Wool is primarily sourced from sheep. It is extremely durable, but it can shrink in warm water, so make sure to wash it in cold water and with mild detergent. You can machine-wash or hand wash it, depending on your preference. If you choose to load it into a machine, set it on Delicate or Wool as an added precaution. Shops offering laundry in Dubai Marina advise to avoid machine-drying wool, but you can always air dry it.
  • Cashmere – Cashmere is the preferred material for scarfs and sweaters as it offers superior comfort. Though it comes from the same family as wool, the two materials are barely common and so require different cleaning methods. For cashmere, the ideal cleaning method is to have it dry cleaned. Another option is to hand wash it with a gentle cleaning solution, or even a baby shampoo. Avoid ironing or machine-drying it so the fabric doesn’t get wrung out.
  • Silk – Silk is a luxurious material made from fibres produced by silkworms. It is durable but delicate, so the best way to maintain it is to have it dry cleaned or hand washed in cold water. The Silk Association of Great Britain, however, says silk clothing can also be hand washed in warm water, together with a gentle detergent. To preserve this expensive material, it is still highly recommended to take it to professional dry cleaners. Better be on the safe side, right?
  • Synthetic – Synthetic fabrics require minimal maintenance as these do not shrink, and they can withstand against water-based stains. Common synthetic fabrics – polyester, acrylic, nylon, spandex, and acetate – can be machine-washed in warm water, using an all-purpose detergent. To prevent static, add a fabric conditioner. Rayon, a semisynthetic material, can be dry cleaned or hand washed in cold water, with the use of a mild detergent. It should be air dried, then ironed while still damp.

Linen – Linen is made from fibres of the flax plant. Because it easily folds, linen requires ironing or sizing, which is a type of finish that makes it stiff or crisp to add body to the material. Linen can be dry cleaned or hand washed in a mixture of cold water and mild detergent. For linen sheets, it is best to take them to professional dry cleaners as they have the equipment and facilities to handle such heavy loads. Know more about one such provider by visiting