A neurologist is a medical doctor specializing in the treatment of diseases/disorders of the nervous system. There are two main parts of the nervous system: central (contains the brain and spinal cord) and peripheral (consists mainly of nerves). Diseases/disorders involving the nervous system are requiring a neurologist’s management and treatment. Below are some of those diseases/disorders:

Lumbar Puncture

A.K.A. Spinal Tap, Lumbar Puncture is one of the neurological procedures performed by collecting and examining the fluid that surrounds the spinal cord and the brain. During the procedure, a neurologist inserts a needle into the spinal canal in the lumbar area. The purpose is to collect the fluid called CSF (cerebrospinal fluid). If there is an infection, inflammation, cancer, or any other disease in the central nervous system, Lumbar Puncture is used to find the causes.


Abbreviated as EMG, Electromyography is one of the techniques neurologists use in evaluating and recording our muscles’ electrical activities. EMG is a test measuring how well and fast the patient’s nerves are in sending electric signals. During the test, the instrument called electromyograph is producing a record called electromyogram. Once the neurologist got the accurate measurement of the patient’s nerve and muscle activities, he/she can diagnose some disorders like muscular dystrophy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Tensilon Test

For those who do not know, Tensilon is one of the trade names of Edrophonium Chloride. Tensilons block the actions of acetylcholinesterase, which is an essential neurotransmitter helping to prolong muscle stimulation. If the patient increases his/her muscle strength while the Tensilon Test in being performed by the neurologist, the patient may be diagnosed of myasthenia gravis or any other similar neurological disorder.


Just like Electromyography, Electroencephalogram or EEG is performed to measure and record electrical activities. EMG focuses on the muscles while EEG focuses on the brain. During the procedure, a neurologist attaches some electrical sensors to the patient’s head; these sensors have wires connected to a computer. The computer’s function is to record the electrical activities of the patient’s brain.

Sleep Study

A.K.A. Polysomnogram or PSG, Sleep Study is a test performed by a neurologist to patients with chronic sleep disorder. During the test, the neurologist electronically records and monitors the patient’s physiological data during his/her sleep. A Sleep Laboratory is used in performing a Sleep Study.

Aside from Lumbar Puncture, Electromyography, Tensilon Test, Electroencephalogram, and Sleep Study; there are many other tests and procedures neurologists perform to diagnose and treat disorders of the nervous system. If you are looking for a neurologist in Dubai, just click the link. You can rely on the best hospital in Dubai for all you neurological needs.